Importance of National Parks
Civilization is a good thing though it poses serious dangers to natural resources. Flora and fauna or plants and animals are the main resources of the world. This is the foundation on which most countries have set up designated areas for conservation of their plants and animals. Most countries in the world refer to such conservation areas as game parks or game reserves. The management of national parks and game reserves in most parts of the world is usually under national, state or county governments.
It is a clear fact that national parks are very important to the economy of any country. First of all, different countries usually have different species of wild animals and rare plant species. Tourists therefore visit areas where they are sure to see rare species of wildlife and plants. Many countries generate great amounts of revenue from tourism and activities related to tourism. Income from tourism leads to an increased growth of a country’s Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P).
National parks usually have different attraction sites and features. A good example is the presence of rare animal species in national parks found in African countries. Animals like lions, elephants, leopards and buffaloes roam most national parks of African countries. Animal species in other continents happen to be largely those not found in Africa. Case in point is the presence of Kangaroos in Australia and that of bison in the United States of America.
The modern world has witnessed an increase of national parks being used for recreational activities. Key among such activities is hiking and camping. Long distance athletic races like marathons have also started being held in national parks. How is it possible to have recreational activities in national parks? The importance of this question is pegged on the fact that governments do not allow too much animal-human interactions that may sometimes lead to conflicts.
First of all, it is good to understand that recreational activities cannot happen in any national parks. Only those national parks that allow for recreation without human-wildlife conflicts are used for such purposes. Case in point is the consistent use of the Big Bend national park in the United States of America for hiking activities. The fact that the park has many natural tracks and trails allows for hiking without interfering with animal life.
Other outdoor activities carried out within national parks include camping and leisure walks. Absence of carnivorous animals makes a park ideal for camping activities. This is because carnivorous animals may pose dangers to human beings. In a bid to eradicate chances for human-wildlife conflict, most governments have set up areas for recreation which are far from natural habitats of wildlife within the park.
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